Old Danish Dictionary

Online version of the "Ordbog til det ældre danske Sprog", the dictionary of Old Danish by Otto Kalkar.

The dictionary contains over 45 000 translations from Old Danish to Danish. This is the largest dictionary of the language.

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What is Old Danish?

Old Danish was a language spoken in Denmark from year 800 to 1525. It represents the middle stages between Old East Norse (language of the Vikings) and modern Danish.

Old Danish can further be divided into:

  • - Runic Danish 800 - 1100 (olddansk in Danish)
  • - Early Middle Danish 1100 - 1350 (yngre gammeldansk/middeldansk in Danish)
  • - Late Middle Danish 1350 - 1525 (ældre gammeldansk/middeldansk in Danish)